TANCET 2014 DS 77: Numbers
Directions for TANCET Data Sufficiency Questions
The question is followed by two statements labeled (1) and (2) in which certain data are given. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question. Using the data given in the problem plus your knowledge of mathematics and everyday facts, choose the answer as:
 Choice 1 if statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.
 Choice 2 if statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.
 Choice 3 if both the statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement alone is sufficient.
 Choice 4 if each statement ALONE is sufficient.
 Choice 5 if statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are not sufficient, and additional data is needed.
Question
Paul jogs at a constant rate for 80 minutes along the same route every day. How long is his route?
 Statement 1: Yesterday, Paul began jogging at 5 p.m.
 Statement 2: Yesterday, Paul had jogged 5 km by 5:40 p.m. and 8 km by 6:04 p.m.
Correct Answer Choice (2). Statements (2) ALONE is SUFFICIENT.
Explanatory Answer  step by step

What should we know from the Question Stem?
Before evaluating the two statements, answer the following questions to get clarity on when the data is sufficient.
What kind of an answer will the question fetch?
The question is "How long is his route?"
The answer to the question should be a number providing the distance of his route followed by a unit of distance viz., km, miles.
When is the data sufficient?
If we are able to come up with a unique value for the distance that Paul jogs, the data is sufficient.
If we are not able to come up with a unique answer – either we cannot find an answer at all or if we find more than one answer, the data is NOT sufficient.
What data is available from the question stem?
Paul jogs for 80 minutes at a constant rate along the same route every day.

Statement (1) ALONE
Yesterday, Paul began jogging at 5 p.m.
All that we can determine is that Paul jogged till 6:20 p.m. yesterday.
With this information we cannot find the length of his route.
Statement (1) ALONE is NOT sufficient.
The moment we realize that statement (1) ALONE is NOT sufficient, we can narrow down our choices to 2 or 3 or 5.
To determine whether the answer is choice 2 or choice 3 or choice 5, we need to evaluate statement (2). Remember that you have to evaluate statement (2) even if statement (1) is sufficient.

Statement (2) ALONE
Yesterday, Paul had jogged 5 km by 5:40 p.m. and 8 km by 6:04 p.m.
Remember: When you are evaluating statement (2) ALONE, please do not recall information that you read in statement (1). Anything said in statement (1) should not be used while evaluating statement (2).
Inference from statement 2: Between 5:40 and 6:04, Paul had covered a distance of 3 km in 24 minutes.
From question stem: Paul jogs 80 minutes every day and at a constant rate.
So, in 80 minutes Paul would have covered \\frac{3}{24}\\) * 80 = 10 km.
Using statement (2) we could get a UNIQUE answer.
Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.
If statement (2) ALONE is SUFFICIENT and statement 1 ALONE is NOT sufficient, we can eliminate choices 3 and 5.
Hence, choice (2) is the answer.
Video Explanation
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XAT TANCET Practice Questions  Listed Topic wise
 Number Theory
 Permutation Combination
 Probability
 Inequalities
 Geometry
 Coordinate Geometry
 Mensuration
 Trigonometry
 Data Sufficiency
 Percentages
 Profit Loss
 Ratio Proportion
 Mixtures & Alligation
 Speed Distance & Time
 Pipes, Cisterns & Work, Time
 Simple & Compound Interest
 Races
 Averages & Statistics
 Progressions : AP, GP & HP
 Set Theory
 Clocks Calendars
 Linear & Quadratic Equations
 Functions
 English Grammar
 General Awareness