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# Percentages - Arithmetic : TANCET 2016 Free Practice Question

The question is from the topic Percentages.

## Question

If the price of petrol increases by 25%, by how much must a user cut down on his petrol consumption so that his expenditure on petrol remains unchanged?
1. 25%
2. 16.67%
3. 20%
4. 33.33%

20%. Choice (3)

Let the price of petrol be Rs.100 per litre. Let the user use 1 litre of petrol. Therefore, his expense on petrol = 100 * 1 = Rs.100

Now, the price of petrol increases by 25%. Therefore, the new price of petrol = Rs.125.

As he has to maintain his expenditure on petrol constant, he will be spending only Rs.100 on petrol.

Let 'x' be the number of litres of petrol he will use at the new price.

Therefore, 125 * x = 100 => x = =0.8 litres.

He has cut down his petrol consumption by 0.2 litres = = 20% reduction.

There is a short cut for solving this problem.

If the price of petrol has increased by 25%, it has gone up of its earlier price.
Therefore, the % of reduction in petrol that will maintain the amount of money spent on petrol constant = 20%

i.e. Express the percentage as a fraction. Then add the numerator of the fraction to the denominator to obtain a new fraction. Convert it to percentage - that is the answer.

## CAT, XAT, TANCET Practice Questions and Answers : Listed Topicwise

 Number Theory Permutation Combination Probability Inequalities Geometry Mensuration Trigonometry Coordinate Geometry Percentages Profit Loss Ratio Proportion Mixtures Alligation Speed Time Distance Pipes Cisterns Interest Races Average, Mean AP, GP, HP Set Theory Clocks Calendars Algebra Function English Grammar General Awareness Data sufficiency TANCET Papers XAT Papers

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